(CAT>EN) Daniel Pauly: «It is necessary to eliminate the most destructive fishing methods»

article-pauly[…] You have mentioned global change. How will it affect fisheries?
It is already affecting them and will continue to do so. We are observing
how surface waters are getting warmer in most oceans except from some specific cases, such as the surroundings of the Antarctica due to ice caps melting, or some upwelling areas. There, due to the greater difference between land and sea, upwellings can intensify and bring cold water towards the surface. These areas can serve as pockets where cold water species can live. However, in general, surface waters getting warmer is causing the migration of many species to polar areas. This phenomenon can be studied, for instance, by checking the average temperatures of catches, which can indicate how the distribution of species is changing. In the future, these changes will go deeper. While in temperate areas the effects will not be very strong since some species are replaced by others, the impact on tropical areas will be terrible: each species that disappears will have no replacement. […]

Read more at Mètode (link to English version. Translation CAT>EN by me).

Interview with Daniel Pauly, expert in sustainable fishery and professor at the University of British Columbia, by  José Luis Sánchez Lizaso. Senior Lecturer at the Department of Marine Sciences and Applied Biology of the University of Alacant (Spain). You can read the original version in Catalan here.


(CAT>EN) Capitolina Díaz: «The science field is not free from the pay gap»

article-capi[…] You often use a concept coined by yourself: «social gender hysteresis». What does it mean?
The concept of hysteresis is used in physics to refer to materials that, when being subjected to certain conditions, usually pressure, experience a deformation and, when this pressure is lifted, they remain deformed as if they were still under it. My proposal to the social sphere is that we suffer from a sort of social gender hysteresis, in the sense that for many centuries, humanity has gotten used to seeing women only occupying private and low-key spaces, with very few women standing out in political or scientific fields, and always exceptional cases. For centuries it was actually believed that women were not capable of executing certain tasks. But nowadays, there are more women than men in universities, and with higher levels of performance. […]

Read more at Mètode (link to English version. Translation CAT>EN by me).

Interview with Capitolina Díaz, Sociology professor at the University of Valencia, by David González, Master’s Degree in History of Science and Scientific Communication. You can read the original published in Catalan here.